Anjing

Abnormality in Suspected Diseases Clinical Signs
Abortion Toxoplasmosis

Diarrhea, nervous symptoms, shuffling gait, conjunctivitis, muco purulent
nasal discharge in appetence, coughing, pneumonia, peritonitis, abdominal pain, abortion of fetus or birth of dying puppies

 

Genital Streptococcal Infection

Irregular heats, difficult breeding, vaginal discharge, deaths of puppies
soon after parturition, abortions, temperature

  Hormone Trouble

Evidence of breeding abnormalities , ovarian troubles and dysfunctions

  Traumatic Injuries Suggestive history
  Canine Brucellosis Abortion , breeding troubles
  Herper Virus Infection

Puppy mortality, vesicular lesions pock-like in vagina, abortion, infertility troubles, sometimes conjunctivitis with running eyes, balanoposthitis in dogs

Bloody Urine Leptospirosis

May be sudden death, temperature variable, sunken eyes, vomiting, pain over loins, foul breath, red slime on teeth, ulcerated tongue and mouth, jaundice, discharge from nose & eyes, bleeding nose and gums, prostration, trembling, death

 

Calculi (Bladder/urinary Stones)

Dog strains to urinate, urine dribbles if at all, stands stiffly with arched back, marked depression, chills, temperature, trembling, weakness, stupor, uremia, death

  Cystitis

Frequent attempts to urinate, passage of small amounts of urine which may cause pain, sometime temperature, dog off food, depressed, coat rough, bladder sensitive on palpation, hemorrhagic urine, blood clots or pus on urine analysis

  Nephritis

Onset usually insidious but may sudden, intermittent vomiting, thirst, prostration, uremia, convulsions, death, wasting, flinching if pressed over loins, rough coat, anxious eyes, intermitted diarrhea, weakness, drowsiness, urinous smell, ulcers mouth and tongue, eczema

  Injuries Evidence of fractures
  Snake Bites Red urine
Cough Distemper

Dysphasic temperature, eye and nose discharge, sough, diarrhea, tonsillitis, reddened eyes, off feed vomiting at times, hard pads & hard nose, latter stages, convulsions, tremors, twitching, paralysis

 

Infectious Canine Hepatitis

Temperature raised, dog depressed, conjunctivitis, mouth inflamed, tonsils swollen, sudden death in acute type, abdominal pain and tenderness over liver, vomiting, diarrhea, cough may be present, cloudiness of cornea in one-third of cases, jaundice

 

Tonsillitis, Streptococcal Infections

Fever, coughing, vomiting frothy material, enlarged lymph glands of head & neck, glands may abscess

  Pneumonia

Raised temperature, breathlessness, coughing, mucopurulent discharge from nose and eyes, vomiting

 

Ear, Nose,Throat Infections

Temperature, localized infections, pain & characteristic features

 

Obstruction and Foreign Bodies

A bone, fish bone, wood splinters and so on embedded in the throat

  Bronchitis

Coughing, temperature, respiratory distress, common in old, fat dogs, persistent cough

  Nocardiosis

Systemic form- Variable granulomatous pleurisy, progressive sickness, emaciation, pericarditis, pleurisy, foul smelling pus in pleural cavity
Tumor Form - Large tumorous masses on extremities, sometime anywhere in body

  Coccidiosis

Diarrhea, watery to bloodstained, emaciation, dehydration, occurrence in puppies - 8 to 12 weeks old, profound illness, sometime rapid death, cough, purulent discharge eyes and nose, slight fever, sometime nervous symptoms, coccidia in smears

  Cardiac Cough

Old dogs affected, no temperature, ascites, faulty heart beat

  Vitamin A Deficiency Night blindness, coughing, scouring
  Tuberculosis

Cough, nose and eye discharge, vomiting, wasting, poor appetite, profound illness, death

  Fungal Pneumonia

Coughing, breathlessness, profound illness, emaciation, diarrhea, ascites, vomiting

  Toxoplasmosis

Diarrhea, nervous symptoms, shuffling gait, conjunctivitis, mucopurulent nasal discharge, in appetence coughing, pneumonia, peritonitis, abdominal pain, abortion of fetus or birth of dying puppies

  Histoplasmosis

Scouring, debility, vomiting, coughing, irregular fever, jaundice

  Heart Condition Coughing, abnormal pulse, vascular disturbance
  Pneumocystosis Cough, diarrhea, wasting
  Tracheal worm Rasping, persistent cough
Jaundice Leptospirosis

May be sudden death, temperature variable, sunken eyes, vomiting, pain over loins, foul breath, red slime on teeth, ulcerated tongue and mouth, jaundice, discharge from nose and eyes, bleeding nose and gums, prostration, trembling, death

  Infectious Canine Hepatitis

Temperature raised, dog depressed, conjunctivitis, mouth inflamed, tonsils swollen, sudden death in acute type, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea

  Phosphorus Poisoning Digestive disorders and wasting, garlic smell
  Chloroform Poisoning Digestive disorders, no temperature, jaundice
  Arsenic Poisoning Jaundice, scouring, wasting, digestive disorders
  Streptococcal Infections High temperature, severe depression, jaundice
  Obstruction of Bile Ducts No temperature, high faecal worm egg count, indigestion and abdominal pain, jaundice
  Hemolytic Infections

High temperature, severe depression, may be associated pneumonia pr enteritis, may be jaundice

  Lead Poisoning

Eye and nose discharge, paralysis, tremors, continuous barking and frothing at the mouth, convulsions, hysteria, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea with bloodstained, listlessness, emaciation, blindness, jaundice

  Toxoplasmosis

Diarrhea, nervous symptoms, shuffling gait, conjunctivitis, mucopurulent nasal discharge, in appetence, coughing, pneumonia, peritonitis, abdominal pain, abortion of fetus or birth of dying puppies, jaundice

  Snake Bite

Haemoglobinuria, depression, local swelling, paralysis

  Liver Neoplasm

Emaciation, vomiting, old dog- lump in anterior abdomen

  Canine Babesiosis

Dog listless, anemic, pale mucous membranes, emaciation, nervous symptoms, jaundice, fever

  Histoplasmosis

Scoring, debility, vomiting, coughing, irregular fever, jaundice

  Gallstones

Jaundice, vomiting, weakness, depression, weight loss, sometime temperature, diarrhea, thirst and abdominal pain

Nervous Symptoms , Convulsions Distemper

Dysphasic temperature (105 - 106 F), eye and nose discharge, cough, diarrhea, tonsillitis, reddened eyes, off feed, vomiting at times, hard pads and hard nose, late stages- convulsions, tremors, twitching, paralysis

  Encephalitis

Convulsions, nervous twitching usually younger dogs, head tilting, systegmies, mania, coma, death

  Neoplasm

Occurrence in older dogs- dog may paralyzed, weak in one limb

  Leas Poisoning

Eye and nose discharge, paralysis, tremors, , continuous barking and frothing at the mouth, convulsions, hysteria, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea (bloodstained) listlessness, emaciation, blindness

  Brain Injuries History of accident or injury
  Gammexane Poisoning Nervous twitching, tremors, convulsions
  Strychnine Poisoning Stiffening, convulsive seizures, rigidity, death
 

Organic Phosphorus Poisoning

Scouring, vomiting, tremors, salivation, spasms, jelly like mucoid dysentery, pinpoint pulils, muscle fasciculation

  Milk Fever

Restlessness, rapid respiration tongue hangs out, staggering, convulsions, head thrown back-legs galloping, bitch frantically excited, yelping, crying out, heart racing madly, temperature up to 108 F, increasing weakness, flaccid paralysis, coma, death

  Metaldehyde Poisoning

Nervous symptoms, convulsions, tense abdomen, abdominal pains, diarrhea

  Scottie Cramp

Hopping, somersaulting, resist leading or movement, convulsions

  Fright Disease Running, seeing visions, convulsion seizures
  Teething Troubles

Occurrence in puppies t teething time- nervous lesions and convulsions

  Worm Infestations Scours, nervous symptoms, convulsions
  Vitamin Deficiencies Faulty ration
 

Foreign Bodies in Digestive Tract

X-Ray evidence- evidence on palpation or post-mortem, vomiting

  Vitamin A Deficiency Scouring, nervous symptoms
  Vitamin B1 Deficiency

Faulty diet, emaciation, weakness, constipation, paralysis, convulsions, muscle cramps, vomiting

 

Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6) Deficiency

Faulty diet, anemia, digestive disorders, nervous symptoms, skin disease, loss of hair

  Snake Bite (Brown snake) Paralysis, coma, death
  Epilepsy

Convulsions - precipitated by watching flashing light, television, screen doors

  Toxoplasmosis

Diarrhea, nervous symptoms, shuffling gait, conjunctivitis, mucopurulent nasal discharge, in appetence, coughing, pneumonia, peritonitis, abdominal pain, abortion of fetus or birth of dying puppies

  Tetanus

Ear are bunched, eyeballs retracted into the sockets - third eyelid protrudes, convulsions and goes rigid, neck and tail are stiff, jaw locked tetanic spasm, death

 

Hypoglycemia (ketosis, Acetonaemia)

Uterine inertia, stiff, jerky gait, spasms, convulsions, vomiting, temperature raised- 106 F or more, heart rate very high

 

Hypoglycemia from Insulin-Secreting Pancreatic Islet Cell Tumor

Low blood sugar
  Ear Mange

Pain, shaking head, scratching, nervous symptoms, even convulsions

  Anal Gland Disorders

Occurrence in old & fat dogs where faeces are soft

  Canine Babesiosis

Listless, anemia, pale mucous membranes, emaciation, nervous symptoms, jaundice, fever

  Nephritis

Intermittent vomiting, thirst, prostration, uremia, convulsions, death, wasting, rough coat, anxious eyes, intermittent diarrhea, weakness, drowsiness, urinous smell, ulcers mouth and tongue, bloody urine in acute cases

  Nicotinic Acid Deficiency

Vomiting, loss of appetite, weakness, nervous twitching, reddening of the mucous membrane of mouth, ulceration and gangrene (black tongue), foul, smelly diarrhea, sloughing of part of tongue & brownish saliva with nauseating sweet smell

 

Pantothenic Acid
Deficiency

Faulty ration, anemia, convulsions
  Trombidiosis

Orange red clusters of mites inside the ears, between the paws and even on the body, intense irritation, sores, nervous symptoms

  Coccidiosis

Diarrhea, watery to bloodstained, emaciation, dehydration, profound illness, sometime rapid death, cough, purulent discharge, eyes and nose, slight fever, sometime nervous lesions

  Cryptococcosis

Granulomas on mucous membrane of nose, pharynx. lung or elsewhere, discharges from sinuses and nasal cavity, lameness, blindness

 

Intervertebral Disc Protrusion

Posterior paralysis, sudden, acute pain, loss of power, sometime staggering pain to complete paralysis, hypersensitivity or resentment when touched or palpated, may refuse to move

  Linguatulosis

Tongue shaped, striated, violent spasms of sneezing, emaciation, dehydration, weakness, nervous symptoms, excitement

  Hypoxia

Presence of heart disease or pulmonary disease, causing poor circulation to the brain, and deficiency of oxygen supply

  Hepatic encephalopathy Abnormal even bizarre behavioral patterns
  Toxicosis Various Diarrhea, salivation, vomiting
  Trauma History of blow to head causing unconsciousness
  Myelomalacia

A congenital defect, bunny hopping gait, posterior paralysis, hind leg weakness

  Leptospirosis

Jaundice, wasting, bleeding gums, vomiting, dehydration, coating of teeth and tongue with reddish-brown deposit, convulsions

Nose & Eye Discharges

Distemper

Dysphasic temperature (105 - 106 F), eye and nose discharge, cough, diarrhea, tonsillitis, reddened eyes, off feed, vomiting at times, hard pads and hard nose, late stages- convulsions, tremors, twitching, paralysis

  Lead Poisoning

Eye and nose discharge, paralysis, tremors, , continuous barking and frothing at the mouth, convulsions, hysteria, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea (bloodstained) listlessness, emaciation, blindness

  Foreign Body in Eye

Usually affecting one eye only, profuse discharge, severe conjunctivitis, no temperature

  Foreign Body in Nose

Snorting, constant discharge, no temperature, may be obstruction of air passage

  Pneumonia

Raised temperature, breathlessness, coughing, mucopurulent discharge from nose and eyes, vomiting

  Bronchitis

Coughing, temperature, respiratory distress, common in old & fat dogs, persistent cough

  Sinusitis Pain over region of sinus, temperature, depression
  Allergy

No temperature, swelling about head, profuse discharge nose and eyes

  Entropion

Hereditary abnormality of eyelids, lashes turned in over eye surface, profuse discharge from eyes

  Coccidiosis

Diarrhea, watery to bloodstained, emaciation, dehydration, profound illness, sometime rapid death, cough, purulent discharge, eyes and nose, slight fever, sometime nervous lesions

  Toxoplasmosis

Diarrhea, nervous symptoms, shuffling gait, conjunctivitis, mucopurulent nasal discharge, in appetence, coughing, pneumonia, peritonitis, abdominal pain, abortion of fetus or birth of dying puppies

  Tuberculosis

Cough, nose and eye discharge, vomiting, wasting, poor appetite, profound illness, death

  Tick Paralysis

Alteration in bark, vomiting, ascending paralysis, weak hind legs, then forelegs and neck, progress to paralysis of respiratory muscles, death, depressed temperature, inability to swallow, mucopurulent eye discharge, dry cornea

  Nocardiosis

Systemic form- Variable granulomatous pleurisy, progressive sickness, emaciation, pericarditis, pleurisy, foul smelling pus in pleural cavity
Tumor Form - Large tumorous masses on extremities, sometime anywhere in body

  Cryptococcosis Granulomas on mucous membrane of nose, pharynx. lung or elsewhere, discharges from sinuses and nasal cavity, lameness, blindness
  Histoplasmosis

Scouring, debility, vomiting, coughing, irregular fever, jaundice

  Fungal Pneumonia

Coughing, breathlessness, profound illness, emaciation, diarrhoea, ascites, vomiting

  Eye Conditions Keratitis, corneal ulcers, chemosis, conjunctivitis, distichias
Pallor (Anemia) Canine Babesiosis

Listless, anemia, pale mucous membranes, emaciation, nervous symptoms, jaundice, fever

  Worm Infestation Worm eggs in faeces,
 

Hemorrhage (Enternal or External)

History of damage such as accident or of hemorrhage following on some other lesions of disease such as gastro-enteritis

  Shock

History of some traumatic damage, accident or other cause of physiological shock

  Anaemia

faulty diet-deficiency of iron, B12 - evidence from blood examination in laboratory

  Deficiency of Vitamin C

Unusual condition, faulty diet, swollen gums, petechial hemorrhages in some mucosa, bloody diarrhea, anemia, swollen joint in pups

  Pantothenic Acid
Deficiency
Faulty ration, anemia, convulsions
 

Pyridoxine (Vitamine B6 Deficiency)

Faulty diet, anemia, digestive disorders, nervous symptoms, skin diseases, loss of hair

 

Tropical Canine Pancytopaenia

Nose bleeding, anemia, oedea of limbs and scrotum, hemorrhages in abdomen, penis, mouth, conjunctivae, impenitence, loss of weight, breathlessness, fever, death

 

Eosinophilic Gastro-Enteritis

Persistent scouring sometimes bloody, emaciation, anemia